Bapedi Skaap Telersgenootskap van Suid Afrika

Bapedi Sheep Breeders Society of South Africa




Frikkie Bezuidenhout

Vice President

Frikkie van Kraayenburg


Ronel Bezuidenhout


Wimpie Pieterse

Andre Wichtmann

Hans Arp

Prof Piet vd Merwe

Keith Ramsey

Grobbie Grobler

Chris van Rensburg

PO Box 61


Tshwane 0068


Tel 072 219-2188

Fax (012) 376-2330



Last Updated:

 25 February 2010

Proposed Bylaws to the Constitution of the Bapedi Sheep Breeders Society of South Africa

Currently utilized in all activities of the Bapedi Club


The registration system of the Society shall consist of the Flock Book, be it computerised or in any other form, which shall be divided into two main sections, namely the Appendix section and the Stud Book Proper (SP) section, which shall be maintained and operated by the Association in terms of the Act.


1.1.1 Appendix A

Any animal which originates from a flock of which the breeder can give proof of origin to Council which complies with the minimum breed standards and which possesses the phenotypic cum genotypic characteristics, shall be eligible for registration as Appendix A animals.

1.1.2 Appendix B

The progeny of Appendix A animals mated to Appendix B or Stud Book Proper animals, which complies with the minimum breed standards and in respect of which all other registration requirements have been met, shall be eligible for registration as Appendix B animals:


The progeny of the following animals which comply with the breed standards and in respect of which all other registration requirements have been met shall be eligible for registration in the Stud Book Proper (SP) section:

1.3.1 Appendix B x Appendix B

1.3.2 Appendix B x Stud Book Proper

1.3.3 Stud Book Proper x Stud Book Proper.


2.1       No animal shall be accepted for birth recording or registration unless the breeder has previously, through the Society, registered with the Association for his exclusive use, a prefix by which all animals bred by him and eligible for birth recording or registration shall be designated, and a designation mark by which such animals shall be identified.

2.2       No prefix shall exceed 18 characters, and the name of a city, town or post office or area in the Territory, or a word which includes the word “Pedi”, or a name distinctly similar to that used by another breeder, or a known term not exclusively connected with the applicant, shall not be accepted for registration as a prefix.

2.3       The designation mark registered with the Association for the breeder's exclusive use shall not exceed four characters and shall consist of letters, but shall not consist of the same four letters.

2.4       Application for the registration of such a prefix and designation mark shall be made to the Secretary and shall be accompanied by such a fee as may be prescribed from time to time by Council or by the Association. All applications are subject to approval of the Executive Committee, who may reject any name or designation deemed unsuitable or contradictory to Bylaw 2.

2.5       No transfer of a prefix or designation mark shall be allowed from one breeder to another, except under such conditions and to such persons as are provided for in the Bye-laws to the Constitution of the Association.


3.1       All live animals of which the births are notified and all animals offered for registration must be identified by at least two of the following methods: Metal ear tag, Plastic ear tag, tattoo or Microchip.

3.2       At least one method shall include the breeder’s designation mark and a sequence number based on the order of birth.

3.3       Any animal which does not bear the approved identification marks shall not be accepted for the recording of its birth or for subsequent registration by the Association.

3.4       Every animal must be identified by the breeder within 30 days of birth.

3.5       The birth sequence number shall not exceed four characters.

3.6       In the event of a breeder making a mistake when identifying an animal, or in the event of a mark becoming defaced or illegible, the owner of the animal shall report the fact to the Secretary in writing, and the animal shall be re-marked in the presence of an inspector appointed by Council, after such an inspector has satisfied himself as to the correctness of the identity of the animal.

3.7       No animal shall be transferred unless clearly marked.


4.1       The breeder of an animal born from a registered ewe, or one eligible for registration, shall notify the Association within 60 days of its birth, whether it is born dead or alive or retained for registration or otherwise. Births notified after 60 days but not later than 120 days, shall be accepted subject to the approval of Council and on payment of a late notification fee which shall be twice the amount of the prevailing notification fee.

4.2       No birth notification of an animal shall be accepted unless the ewe and ram at the time of service were more than eight months old.

4.3       All births shall be notified in the format as approved by the Association, and copies thereof shall be kept by the breeder concerned for inspection and checking at all reasonable times by officers of the Society.

4.4       In the event of multiple births, the breeder shall in addition to the particulars ordinarily required, also record on the birth notification the number and sex of the other twin, triplets, etc., as the case may be.

4.5       Records shall be kept by the Association in the name of each breeder of all animals born, whether born dead or alive, whose births have been duly notified by the relevant breeder, and of such other details as may be determined by the Society.

4.6       The birth notification shall contain a declaration in the following terms:

"I declare that the pedigree, breeding particulars and identification marks of the animals described herein are correct, and that all the requirements of the Constitution and the Act relating to birth notifications and registrations have been complied with."

4.7       A notification of a birth shall also be accompanied, in the case of an animal imported in utero, by the necessary certificates confirming parentage of both the ewe and ram, endorsed by the Society (or body recognised by the Society and the Association) in the country of origin, to the effect that –

(a) the identity of the ram, as indicated by the said documents, is correct; and

(b) that the ram conforms to the minimum performance and other requirements as may be determined by Council.

4.8       No certificates of notification will be issued and the breeder shall only be furnished with confirmation list of animals notified.

4.9       The breeder’s designation mark together the sequence number as specified under Bylaw 3 in respect of each animal to be notified shall be used to record the animal’s notification.

4.10       A birth notification may be cancelled by the breeder in terms of Bylaw 12.4.5.

4.11     Council may, in respect of new members who have not registered before, and where good reason and records exist, exempt the registering member from some of the above requirement on condition that any concessions that are made which do not compromise the integrity of the registration system.

4.12      Only live animals will be added to a breeder’s record of stud animals by the Association.


5.1       In addition to the identification marks referred to in Bye-law 3, all live animals of which the births were notified in terms of Bylaw 4 and offered for registration, must be explicitly named at inspection. The name may be by the animal's identification which was used for notification or the breeder may opt to give the animal a name.

5.2       The name shall include the prefix registered in favour of the breeder, and exclusive of the prefix, shall not exceed 10 characters.

5.3       The name of any animal, once accepted for registration, shall not thereafter be changed or amended without the permission of the Executive Committee, except when the name reflects an obvious error, in which event it shall be permissible to amend the name only to the extent of correcting the error.

5.4       Once a breeder as named an animal, he may never again use the same name to name another animal, even if the animal first named has died.


As the Pedi is a developing breed, it is important to guard against the indiscriminate use of AI and ET as this has the potential to narrow the gene pool if not managed correctly

6.1 Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer in registered flocks shall only be allowed following motivation and approval by Council – taking the following into consideration:

(a)       All donors must be approved by Society

(b)       Donor rams must be registered in terms of Section of the Animal Improvement Act, 1998 ( Act 62 of 1998 )

(c)       Council will determine the number of doses per donor

(d)       Ewes should only be flushed once and should then return to natural mating.

(e)       If a flushing interferes with the natural breeding ng season, the flushing should be recorded as an event to ensure that the ewe is not disadvantaged as far as the reproductive record is concerned.


7.1       The gestation period shall be 160 days. The minimum acceptable gestation period shall be 150 days, and the maximum period shall be 170 days.

7.2       The minimum period between the dates of birth of two successive lambs out of one ewe (inter-lambing period) shall be 155 days.

7.3       Any gestation or inter-lambing periods outside these ranges shall not be recognised unless the parentage of the animal concerned is confirmed.


8.1       In order to confirm the parentage of an animal, the Society shall at any time have the right to insist on DNA analysis based on scientifically acceptable methods, which shall be approved by the Council, to confirming parentage –

(a)     as a routine procedure, on a basis to be determined by the Association from time to time; and

(b)     in any case of doubt.

8.2       In respect of the tests referred to in Bye-law 9.1(a) the breeder will be responsible for all costs of all parentage control tests.

8.3       In respect of the tests referred to in Bye-law 9.1(b) the owner or the Society, as may be determined by Council, shall bear the costs of the tests required.

8.4       Unless par 8.5 has been complied with, at least 30 days must lapse between the removal of one ram from a flock before introducing another ram.

8.5       A breeder may rum a maximum of 4 rams with a flock provided the following requirements are met:

 a)       The breeder has registered his flock with the Society as a Multiple Ram Flock;

 b)       Each ram with the flock has been DNA profiled through the Society’s DNA scheme;

 c)       The paternity of each lam is confirmed, at the breeder’s expense, through the Society’s DNA scheme prior to inspection for registration.


9.1       Inspection shall be a prerequisite for the registration, and except by special permission of Council, no animal shall be registered under the age of 10 months in the case of ewes and 14 months in the case of rams.

9.2       No animal, which does not comply with the Breed Standard, shall be eligible for registration.

9.3      Any animal of which the particulars supplied on the birth notification form or accompanying certificates are open to question may, at the discretion of Council, be debarred from registration.

9.4      Except with regard to Appendix A, no application for registration will be considered unless details of its birth have been duly recorded or are accepted for recording in terms of Bye-laws 1 and 5, and

(a)     both its parents or

(b)     its dam, in the case of an animal imported in utero

have been registered by the Association. In the case of (b) its sire must be registered by an authority recognized by the Society.

9.5       The form of application shall –

(a)     be laid down by the Association; and

(b)     be endorsed by the Society to the effect that all the requirements of the Constitution in respect of registration have been met.

9.6       An imported animal shall be eligible for registration provided the requirements of the Constitution have been complied with.

9.7       A pedigreed animal imported into the Territory shall be eligible for registration provided that the application for registration is accompanied by –

(a)     a certificate of registration or an export certificate issued by a Society (or body recognised by the Society and the Association) in the country of origin;

(b)     evidence to the effect that the animal concerned conforms to all requirements as may be determined from time to time by the Society;

(c)     a report of the inspector confirming that –

(i)      the animal bears the permanent indelible identification marks as recorded on the registration or export certificate;

(ii)     the animal was sold and left the seller's possession on the date stated and that the animal was shipped and/or transported to the Territory on the date stated; and

(iii)     that the animal arrived on the applicant's farm on the date stated.

9.8       Registration certificates shall be issued by the Association in respect of imported animals.


10.1 Minimum standards

Minimum inspection and performance standards, as prerequisites for registration, shall be determined from time to time by Council.

10.2 Growth stimulants

No animal shall be accepted for registration if it has been treated with hormonal growth stimulants. Such practice shall be considered prejudicial to the interests of the Society.

10.3 Inspections and Duties of Inspectors

10.3.1   In terms of Clause 9(i) of the Constitution, Council shall appoint inspectors to inspect all animals eligible for registration and all imported animals, upon application by the breeder concerned.

10.3.2   The inspectors shall inspect each eligible animal upon presentation of the application for registration or registration certificate, as the case may be, and shall satisfy themselves that the age, identification, and other details as appearing in the said application or certificate are correct and correspond with the animal offered for inspection. Furthermore, they shall satisfy themselves that the animal conforms in all respects to the minimum inspection and performance standards as determined by Council.

10.3.3   All animals must be inspected and approved between the age of 10 and 36 months in order to be eligible for registration, except in the case of imported animals or animals to be registered on Appendix A, where no age limit shall apply.

10.3.4   The inspectors are empowered to use their discretion in holding any particular animal over for inspection during their next visit in which case the maximum age referred to above shall not apply.

10.3.4   Inspectors acting on the instructions of Council may at any time, without previous notice, carry out a general inspection of any breeder's flock.

10.3.5  Any breeder dissatisfied with an inspector's decision may lodge an appeal to the Secretary within three weeks after the inspection. Such an appeal must be accompanied by a deposit of an amount as prescribed by Council from time to time. A board of appeal appointed by Council shall then re-inspect the animal or animals in question and, if the appeal is upheld, the relevant deposit shall be refunded less expenses incurred by Council.

10.3.6   Except in cases referred to in Bye-law 11.3.4, timeous notice shall be given to breeders of an intended visit by an inspector.

10.3.7   Special inspections can only be carried out by permission of the Executive Committee if inspectors are available and if the applicant agrees to pay the fees payable in respect of special inspections as laid down by Council from time to time.

10.3.8  Inspectors may, in addition to the inspections referred to above, perform other duties with the approval of Council, including demonstrations and lectures at farmers' days or judges' courses.

10.3.9  Inspectors employed by the Society may not accept instructions from members or non-members to negotiate the buying or selling of animals nor may they accept any commission arising from sales or purchases of animals: Provided that breeders who are appointed as inspectors shall not be subject to this rule.

10.3.10 No breeder shall act as an inspector of his own animals.


11.1     Prior to the inspection, the breeder must obtain from the Society a list of the animals to be inspected which were notified according to Bylaw 5. This list of notified animals will be on a form that will be used by the inspector.

11.2.    Animals that were not notified according to Bylaw 5 may be inspected, but an additional sum equivalent to three time the prescribed inspection fee shall be payable to the Society. A special form must be completed in the case of such animals, all of which must be eligible for registration in terms of this constitution.

11.3     Each animal approved for registration must be given an inspection grading by the inspector in terms of Bylaw 13.

11.4    The inspector shall tattoo each sheep that is approved for registration with the official tattoo mark as prescribed by the society.

11.5    The inspector must complete a Certificate of Selection drawn up by the Society for each animal inspected and this certificate will be deemed to be an addendum to the Certificate of Registration. The original must be given to the breeder to affix to the registration certificate once received and a copy must be forwarded to the Society together with the results of the inspection.

11.6    Each sheep may be given a name at inspection in terms of Bylaw 5.


12.1 Original Certificates

 Registration certificates to be issued in respect of any animal may, with the consent of the Association, be in the form desired by the Society.

12.2 Alterations or Additions to Registration Certificates

12.2.1 Any alteration or addition to the essential information or particulars officially recorded on any registration certificate or addendum thereto, which has not been initialled by the General Manager of the Association, or any unauthorised endorsement or remark on such a certificate bearing upon the essential information or particulars contained therein, shall render such a certificate invalid.

12.2.2 The Association will, on request thereto from the Society, add any grading given in terms of Bylaw 13 to the name of the animal and, where necessary, reissue the certificate to reflect the addition. The Society may levy an appropriate fee for its own account for the reissue of Registration certificates.

12.2.3 The Registration Certificates of Animals graded “E” for the first time in terms of Bylaw 13 shall be altered to reflect the grading at the cost of the Society, which shall cancel the original Registration Certificate and issue a new certificate reflecting the grading awarded.

12.2.4 An owner may, upon payment of the prescribed fee, apply for a new certificate reflecting a higher grading given according to Bylaw 13.

12.3 Duplicate Birth Notification List or Registration Certificate

The Association may upon written application, accompanied by a statement by the applicant setting out all the relevant circumstances, issue a duplicate or replacement of any registration certificate or birth notification list issued by the Association, which has been mislaid, mutilated or lost: Provided that such an application shall be made by the person in whose name the animal concerned was last registered.

12.4 Cancellation of Birth Notification or Registration Certificates and Reinstatement of Animals

12.4.1 Council may direct the Secretary to apply to the Association for the cancellation of the registration of any animal which has –

(a)     been birth recorded or registered by mistake;

(b)     been birth recorded or registered on the strength of false or fraudulent information supplied by the owner; or

(c)     been birth recorded or registered after the owner has failed to comply with any relevant Bye-law;

and to notify the breeder or owner accordingly.

12.4.2 A birth notification or registration certificate of an animal issued by the Association shall be returned to the Association for cancellation and/or endorsement within 60 days after its death, sale for slaughter, culling, castration, spaying or other circumstances requiring the birth notification or certificate's cancellation or endorsement in terms of the Constitution of the Society or that of the Association.

12.4.3 All documents so returned shall be suitably endorsed and kept by the Association for a period of six months, where after they shall be returned to the Society or, if so instructed by the Society, be destroyed.

12.4.4 In the event of the birth notification list or registration certificate of an animal having been cancelled, such an animal may be reinstated in the records of the Association only on recommendation of the Council: Provided that the application for the reinstatement is made by the person who applied for the cancellation of the birth or registration certificate. The reinstatement of any such an animal shall be effected upon payment of such a fee as may be determined by Council from time to time.


13.1 Inspection Gradings

The following gradings are given by Inspectors at inspection and are based on a schedule of scoring approved by the Council:

 T5 – The top grading for animals without significant faults that can possibly grade E at a recognised show;

 T4 – A grading for animals with minor faults that can possible grade M at a recognised show;

 T3 – A grading for animals with more serious faults that can possibly still grade G at a recognised show. This is the lowest grading given to rams and rams of lesser quality are refused registration;

 T2 – A grading given to ewes only with fairly serious faults;

 T1 – Minimum grading given to ewes with serious faults, but with still some benefit to be used as a breeding ewes.

13.2 Shows and Show Gradings:

 The Board shall nominate a show each year as the Society’s official National Championships.

 The following gradings are only awarded at recognised breed shows, which shall include the Pretoria Show and any other show the Society chooses to recognise as a grading show:

 E  – Elite. The top grading awarded at the National Championships and only to the very best of breeding animals that display superior qualities in terms of the breed. Rams must be at least 24 months old and ewes 18 months. DNA samples shall be taken of all rams graded E and which have not been profiled at the time the grading was awarded. DNA costs shall be for the account of the owner.

 MMerit. A grading given to superior animals over 12 months of age that are highly recommended for breeding;

 SSuperior. A grading given to animals over 12 months of age that are recommended for breeding.

 AAcceptable. Animals over 12 months of age suitable for commercial production.

 I  – Insufficient. Animals that should not be bred with.

Animals with inspection gradings T4 or less and which receive show gradings of E or M shall automatically be upgraded to T5.

 Animals under 12 months are not graded, but are described as Very Promising, Promising or Less Promising.

13.3  The highest grading awarded shall be added to an animal’s name to be reflected on the registration details.

13.4  Classes - For judging purposes, animals shall be judged in the following age classes:

 a) Class 1 - Ewes 6 to 12 months

 b) Class 2 - Ewes 12 to 18 months

 c) Class 3 - Ewes 18 to 24 months

 d) Class 4 - Ewes over 24 months

 e) Class 5 - Rams 6 to 12 months

 f) Class 6 - Rams 12 to 18 months

 g) Class 7 - Rams 18 to 24 months

 h) Class 8 - Rams over 24 months

13.5  Group Class – A group of six animals, all entered in the show and bred by the same breeder, judged according to the following criteria:

 a) Genetic variation based on the number of fathers and mothers – 20%

 b) Uniformity and type – 30%

 c) Quality of the animals based on results received at the show – 40%

 d) Sexual differentiation between rams and ewes – 10%

13.6   Ram Progeny Group – A ram and at least six progeny entered at the show. The class will be completed before the adult ram classes as results may by applicable in the judging of the adult rams.

13.7   Championships – The following Show Championships and Reserve Championships shall be awarded:

a) Junior: Classes 1 and 2 for ewes and Classes 5 and 6 for rams

b) Senior: Classes 3 and 4 for ewes and Classes 7 and 8 for rams

c) Group: The winner of the Group Class

d) Ram Progeny group: the winner of the Ram Progeny Class

13.8   Any exhibitor that removes animals from the ring while judging is in progress without the permission of the judge shall forfeit all prizes won at the show.

13.9   Any exhibitor that removes animals from the show without the permission of the show manager shall forfeit all prizes won at the show.

13.10  From 2007 all animals entered in a show must be at least registered on Stud Book Appendix A.

13.11  Animals born after 2007 shall only be eligible for an “Elite” grading if registered on Appendix B or SP.

13.12  Animals born after 2009 shall only be eligible for an “Elite” grading if registered SP.


14.1 For the purpose of this Bye-law "transfer" means any transaction whereby there is a change of ownership of a sheep which may be due to any of the following: any person acquires the right to sole ownership of an animal, or to any share or additional share of the ownership of a ram, and the relinquishment of any share in the ownership of such an animal or ram (as the case may be) or sells or disposes of the animal.

14.2 Any seller who transfers ownership of an animal, or part ownership in a ram, shall within 30 days of the date of such a transfer, furnish –

(a)      the new owner with the animal’s registration certificate, with

 i) the details of the transfer duly completed on the back of such certificate;

 ii) the addendum thereto;

iii) any show grading certificates that may have been awarded to the animal;

(b)      the Society with the prescribed fee as may be determined by Council from time to time:

Provided that should the seller take more that 30 days, but within 60 days, or more than 60 days, but within 90 days after such a transfer, the fees payable in respect of such a transfer shall be respectively double and treble the prescribed transfer fee. Any application for such a transfer received by the Society more than 90 days after such a transfer shall be accepted and dealt with by the Society subject to such fees as it may determine.

14.3 The date of transfer shall be deemed to be the date on which the animal left the seller's possession.

14.4  If the animal to be transferred is:

(a)     a pregnant ewe, the seller shall, together with his application for transfer, furnish the Association with a certificate specifying the name, identification number and registration number of the ram by whom she was served together with the service date/s. The seller shall in addition furnish the buyer with a copy of such a certificate;

(b)    a recipient ewe, the application for transfer shall be accompanied by the birth notification referred to in Bye-law 5 issued by the Association.

14.5     Should the seller for any reason whatsoever fail or refuse to take any steps to effect such a transfer, including failing or refusing to deliver the original birth notification or registration certificate and should the buyer be willing to pay such fees as may be laid down by Council, Council may take such steps as it deems fit in order to effect the transfer.

14.6     No alteration to an already recorded transfer date, shall be effected unless an application to that effect, duly signed by the buyer and the seller concerned, is made to the Association.

14.7     In all cases of transfer between spouses or as from parent to child, or child to parent (including children-in-law and grandchildren) whether by way of sale, donation or inheritance, only half the prescribed transfer fee shall be payable.

14.8    Members of the Society that purchase a registered animal must forward the Registration Certificate upon which the transfer details have been recorded to the Society which, through the association, shall issue a new Certificate of Registration that reflect the current ownership details.

14.9     A person who wishes to register a sheep that is positively identifiable, but for which the transfer record is no longer available, in their ownership must prove their legal ownership to the satisfaction of the Council, which may set any conditions it deems fit for the animal to be transferred into that person’s name.


15.1     Joint ownership of ewes is not allowed.

15.2     When a ram is transferred to joint owners, the full name and address of each joint owner shall be submitted to the Association.

15.3     The joint ownership and use of a ram is subject to the provisions of the Act.


16.1     In the case of progeny begotten from an ewe mated to different rams or inseminated with semen from different rams at consecutive oestrus periods within 28 days, the Society shall request the Association to refuse registration unless the parentage of the ram is confirmed by means of DNA testing.

16.2     The Society may request the Association to refuse to accept applications from any person who has intentionally supplied false, inaccurate or misleading information or who has negligently failed to supply any information or particulars which it was his duty to supply within a reasonable time.

16.3     Whenever the Association has refused to accept applications from any person, the Society may, in addition, request the Association to cancel any or all previous entries made in the Flock Book on behalf of such a person.

16.4     The Society shall not take any action under Bye-laws 15.2 and 15.3 except after an investigation by a commission consisting of the President and/or Vice-President and two other members appointed by Council, and in accordance with the recommendation of that commission.


17.1     Applications to import or export animals shall, in terms of the Act, be submitted in duplicate, on forms available from the Registrar, to the Society, together with the prescribed fee and the Society shall forward one copy together with its recommendation thereto, and the required documents reflecting the details referred to in Bye-law 16.2, to the Registrar.

17.2     Council shall determine minimum requirements for the importation and exportation of animals in terms of Clause 9(y) of the Constitution, and no such importation or exportation shall be recommended to the Registrar by the Society unless the said requirements are complied with.

17.3     Imported animals which comply with the minimum requirements referred to in Bye-law 16.2 and the requirements of the Constitution, shall be eligible for registration.

17.4     The Association may, upon application, issue export certificates in respect of animals in the form desired by the Society and approved by the Association.


8.1     The Society shall maintain an official DNA scheme through the DNA laboratory of the Faculty  of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria;

18.2        Samples for DNA profiling shall only be accepted if taken by a Society Inspector according to the procedures laid down by the DNA laboratory and submitted to the laboratory directly by the inspector through the Society.

18.3        The Society shall have the right to take DNA samples of any animal.


No employee of the Society shall, except in the performance of his duties as such an employee, render any service, or be connected with any business, concerned with the purchase or sale of animals.


Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Constitution, any member may under power of attorney, duly executed and filed with the Secretary, authorise another person to sign on his behalf any application for registration, application for transfer, certificate of transfer, certificate of service, returns or reports or any other document in connection with the administration of a flock. Any such signature given by such an authorised person, shall be accepted by the Society as being as valid and binding as if it had been given by the member himself: Provided that nothing herein contained shall entitle such authorised persons in any manner whatsoever to participate in the nomination of, or voting for, any member of Council, or voting on any matter where his principal has a vote, or to attend any meeting on his principal's behalf.


Such privileges of membership as the Council may determine, may be conferred on non-members: Provided that there shall be no legal or other obligation on the Society to such non-members, and provided further that all fees payable in respect of any services rendered by the Society to non-members, shall be as determined by Council and payable in advance.



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